– I wish to let you know concerning the universe. What it’s, the way it got here to be, what its constructing blocks are. I wish to let you know how the longer term creates the previous, which then creates the longer term. However first, I wish to let you know about crystals. You may be stunned to know {that a} crystal is not an costly piece of glass or a chandelier in some fancy eating room. The phrase crystal merely means a sample that’s periodic. Have a look at this checkerboard sample. See the way it continues to unfold out infinitely in every course? Which means it is a periodic sample. In order that’s a two-dimensional crystal. That is one other two-dimensional crystal. That is one other. It’s also possible to have three-dimensional crystals. By the best way, this 3D glass is named crystal as a result of its atoms are literally organized in a crystalline sample. So, see how I am projecting this three-dimensional crystal to a two-dimensional picture on the sand? See how the 2D projection seems to be distorted due to the angle of the projection? That 2D picture additionally has a sample however it is not periodic so it is not a crystal. However there is a deep connection between the 2D object on the sand and the 3D mom crystal. This distorted 2D sample is named a quasicrystal. A quasicrystal in a sure dimension, on this case, 2D, is a projection of a crystal in a better dimension, on this case, 3D. A bunch of physicists in Los Angeles is working on a brand new physics idea the place a specific 8D crystal, yep, that is proper, an eight-dimensional crystal, is projecting to 4D at a really explicit angle which varieties a 4D quasicrystal and from this 4D quasicrystal, they derive a 3D quasicrystal, which they consider is the elemental substructure of all of actuality. This 3D quasicrystal has a elementary constructing block, a tetrahedron, which is a three-dimensional equilateral triangle. The dimensions of every edge on this form is the smallest potential size that may exist. That is referred to as the Planck size. It is 10 to the 35 occasions smaller than a meter. So you understand how your TV display is damaged down into constructing blocks referred to as pixels? A pixel is the smallest potential indivisible unit of the 2D display, so consider actuality as your TV display however in 3D and consider the tetrahedron as a 3D pixel, the smallest potential indivisible unit of actuality. The tetrahedra within the quasicrystal mix with different tetrahedra utilizing complicated mathematical guidelines to refill all the area within the universe. Every tetrahedron solely has a couple of particular states by which it may exist at any given second. And due to the principles of how these pixels join to one another, if one tetrahedron is in a sure state, this dictates the states of many different tetrahedra all through all of area. However this is the bizarre factor. If a sure tetrahedron will be in anyone of only a few potential states in a given second, who or what chooses the state it must be in at any given second? Nicely, for such a option to be made, we have to scientifically, mathematically, and logically usher in a brand new component into physics. And that component is consciousness. In the event you’re not a scientist, you may be stunned to study that no person truly is aware of the precise worth of the velocity of sunshine. We have now a detailed approximation, however not the precise worth. The closest we are able to get to measuring it has to do with the precision of our machines, however irrespective of how exact our machines get, we’ll by no means be capable to measure the precise velocity of sunshine with out a idea that tells us what it’s and why it’s, and none of the present physics theories do this. – [Woman] Oh look, Professor Einstein, you look so cute! – [Einstein] Do I look fairly right here? – Sure, sure. – No wait, that is my dangerous aspect, what if I’m going? – Sure, that’s good. – What if I stick out my tongue like this? – Good! – Uh-oh. – Our greatest physics theories, Einstein’s Principle of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics each use the velocity of sunshine as a place to begin. In different phrases, they use an inexact measurement of the velocity of sunshine with out explaining why it’s, what it’s, or why the universe even has a velocity restrict within the first place. We’d like a brand new idea. And such a idea is what the physicists and mathematicians of Quantum Gravity Analysis in Los Angeles are engaged on. They name it emergence idea and it’ll, actually for the primary time ever, present an evidence for the velocity of sunshine and the opposite constants, similar to Planck’s fixed and the positive construction content material. Principally what is required is a idea of every part, a idea that explains the very elementary features of actuality. String idea, which as soon as held a number of promise for probably being a profitable idea of every part, has not made any profitable predictions and regardless of predictions, the idea itself is not truly a idea of every part, it is simply not, as a result of it may’t clarify the velocity of sunshine or the opposite constants. Quantum mechanics and normal relativity, alternatively, do make good predictions, however they do not clarify the elemental constants both. – [Man] Professor Einstein, why does the velocity of sunshine have the precise worth that it does? – [Einstein] Nicely, to place it plainly, nicely, safety! – So what clues does nature provide us for what a idea of every part ought to appear to be? We have recognized seven. Data, causality loops, non-determinism, consciousness, pixelation, E8 crystal, and the golden ratio. A rising variety of physicists are saying actuality is made of knowledge. What does that even imply? Nicely, info is that means within the type of symbolism. A language or code present this sort of knowledge conveying symbolism. A really totally different sort of image is one which represents itself. Geometric symbols can do this. A dice can signify love, if we are saying it does, or it may signify, actually, with minimal subjectivity, itself. Might there be a language or code made out of geometry? What sort of knowledge would such a language specific? Quantum physics idea and classical physics point out that actuality is made of knowledge and there’s no proof that actuality is made of something aside from info. Many physicists agree with this and many do not. However people who do not agree that actuality is made of knowledge haven’t any rationalization for what actuality is. If it is not info. Gents? – [Man] Actuality is made of knowledge. – [Man] Nope. – [Man] Sure, it’s made of knowledge. – No. – Okay, so what’s it made from, if not info? – Power. – Power is info! – That is silly. – Power is the potential for a particle to alter its place. Potential is info, vitality is info! – Nope. – It is info! – Mm-mm. – Then what’s it? – Not info. – Then what’s it? – [Man] Not info! – Actuality is geometric. A geometrical language within the type of geometric symbolism, the kind of symbols that signify themselves, may clarify how a geometrical actuality will be made from pure info. Data implies that means, however what’s that means? That means is a comparability, that is what we do, however we do it so quick, we do not understand we’re doing it, we have a look at one thing and we match it to one thing from our database, we are saying, that could be a crosswalk, that could be a constructing, not a crosswalk, that could be a window, not a constructing, so that means is the notion of one thing relative to one thing else, so subsequently that means is subjective and requires alternative. Can we get some dramatic music right here? (dramatic music) As a result of that means is subjective, for it to even exist, it must be perceived or measured by some type of consciousness. Einstein confirmed how the previous and the longer term exist concurrently in a single geometric object. So all time exists on a regular basis. Let me say that once more, all time exists on a regular basis. I do know that sounds sort of bizarre and unintuitive however now we have to sort of droop our frequent sense and settle for that mathematically, and in line with the most effective physics formulation now we have, that truly is sensible. So, let’s visualize the geometric object that Einstein spoke about as a block. Keep in mind the tetrahedra, the constructing block pixels of actuality I advised you about? Now think about your entire universe, every part, in all places, in a single frozen second in time. Like a single body in a film, on this one body, all of actuality in all places seems frozen on this one place. Let me provide you with an analogy. In a film shot on 35 millimeter movie, there are 24 frames a second. There is not any precise motion in a film, there’s only a sequence of frozen frames. Now bear in mind how I advised you concerning the Planck size of area, which is the smallest size potential? Nicely there’s additionally a Planck size of time and it’s a lot shorter than 24 frames a second. Actually, it is 10 to the 44 occasions shorter than a second. Okay, so again to our frozen body of actuality. The whole universe in a single frozen second, one body, however as an alternative of a body in a film, it is a body in all of actuality. Now, think about the following body. Every body is totally different from the earlier one, similar to in a film. See how all frames exist in Einstein’s space-time unexpectedly? Okay, now this is the place issues get actually actually bizarre. We assume that the previous influences the longer term. That is how we seem to expertise actuality. However if you have a look at this block, why would one aspect be the previous and one aspect be the longer term? Why go left to proper and never proper to left? Why cannot the longer term affect the previous? Take away the names previous and future if that helps you consider this idea. So what if the previous influences the longer term and the longer term influences the previous in an countless suggestions loop? So then the query is, which a part of the previous is influencing which a part of the longer term and vice versa, and the reply is all time is affecting all time on a regular basis. – Oy vey, I would like a drink. – Is that this even potential? Can me 20 years from now affect me now simply as I affect her? So can me 5 minutes from now affect me 10 minutes in the past, simply as me 10 minutes in the past influences me as a child, simply as me as a child influences me on my deathbed? That is too bizarre to even grasp. However every part we all know says that is the best way it’s. Am I stoned? Okay, so if each second is co-creating each different second, each ahead and backward in time, then actuality can be this huge neural community spanning area and time. This sort of community would have one even approach stranger high quality than something we have talked about thus far, it will be its personal creator. However the truth that all time exists on a regular basis doesn’t imply that the longer term is written in stone and we’re some sort of programmed animation or one thing. (cheerful music) That is what they used to consider, although. Years in the past, it was common to consider within the considerably bummer concept of actuality being a deterministic program taking part in itself out. The well-known double slit experiment dominated out determinism. Look it up if you happen to’ve by no means heard of it, it is wild and is among the cornerstones of contemporary physics. However for now, take my phrase for it, it dominated out determinism and ushered in a brand new period of non-determinism, or mainly, free will. So how does free will work? One of the crucial stunning discoveries of quantum physics is that actuality solely exists when it’s noticed, that actually particles don’t exist till they’re noticed. Well-known physicist John Wheeler, he is the man who got here up with the time period black gap, says that actuality is made of knowledge, which is created by commentary. The commentary have to be made, he says, by one thing aware. And Nobel prize winner Frank Wilczek stated that quantum idea is contentious and obscure, and that it’ll stay that approach till somebody constructs, throughout the formalism of quantum mechanics, an observer, a mannequin entity whose states correspond to a recognizable caricature of aware consciousness. An entity, an observer, so Frank Wilczek is mainly speaking about an entity, not essentially a human being or an animal that’s able to producing info by observing and measuring. However what would that aware entity be? Nicely we positively know that consciousness exists within the universe, I imply, at the very least in us people, proper? I imply, I am aware, you are aware, he is aware, I feel. – I am aware! (cheering) – Consciousness relates deeply to physics in methods not but totally understood. Actually, consciousness is sort of like one of many least understood issues in all of science. No one is aware of precisely what it’s. Bizarre, proper? So if actuality is pure info, if every part, vitality, matter, thought, if it is all info, then it turns into clear that actuality deeply ties into consciousness in a roundabout way, as if the elemental stuff of actuality is by some means consciousness. Did consciousness and knowledge by some means emerge in a causality suggestions loop? German physicist Werner Heisenberg developed the primary equations of quantum mechanics utilizing a kind of math referred to as matrix idea. He deduced that area and time have been pixelated into indivisible three-dimensional Planck-length models similar to the two-dimensional pixels in your laptop display. – It is good to be made from pixels. The arithmetic indicated this. – Arithmetic! I really like arithmetic! – Your pizza, professor! – And pizza, oh, I really like pizza, particularly pixelated pizza. – [Marion] And apparently, there was no stable experimental proof for easy, in different phrases, not pixelated, space-time. – [Werner] Mm, pizza. (crowd shouting) We’re NOT PIXELATED!!! – [Einstein] We aren’t pixelated! – Sure, you’re, morons. – Your mom is pixelated! – Area is easy. – There is not any proof of that, and the arithmetic present it’s pixelated, so it have to be pixelated. – Nicely that is fascinating, bullshit. – It have to be pixelated! – [Einstein] Bullshit, bullshit, bullshit, bullshit! – [Marion] However, most scientists agree {that a} size will be no shorter than Planck size, which suggests actuality is pixelated. – [Einstein] There is no such thing as a size shorter than the Planck size. – Which means actuality is pixelated. – I am not pixelated, I am not! – Dude, you are sort of being just a little like a type of folks who deny evolution as a result of they can not deal with the actual fact their ancestors have been monkeys. Are you a monkey, huh, are you just a little monkey? – We consider that till a quantum gravity idea of pixelated space-time is found, the problem will stay complicated for everybody. What sort of geometric code would describe a pixelated actuality? 80 years of smashing particles collectively in particle accelerators such because the well-known giant Hadron collider in Geneva have given us a wierd clue, that each one the elemental particles and forces convert into each other, like they actually remodel from one to the opposite in line with a course of referred to as gauge symmetry transformation, and all of those conversions correspond to a form, and never simply any form, an eight-dimensional form. Now this form varieties a crystal. Now bear in mind crystals are periodic patterns of a sure form, like that checkerboard is a 2D crystal made up of squares, so this crystal is of a specific eight-dimensional form and this crystal is named the E8 Lattice. (jazzy music) To generate that 3D quasicrystal, the substructure on the pixelated material of actuality, we venture this 8D crystal to 4D. After which we convert that to 3D. Now, similar to the fundamental cell form of the 3D cubic lattice is the dice, the cell form of the E8 lattice is an 8D form with 240 vertices. We name it the gosset polytope. When the gosset polytope is projected to 4D, it turns into two equivalent shapes of various sizes. The ratio of their sizes is a singular quantity, 0.618, often known as the golden ratio. (explosion) The golden ratio will be the elementary fixed of nature. It’s a ratio that’s elementary to circumscribed equilateral triangles and it is weirdly ubiquitous within the universe, showing in all places from the quantum to celestial scales. Ever so apparently, it seems in black holes. – [Einstein] I do not wish to fly right into a black gap! I want I by no means theorized your existence! (burps) – Okay, let’s get severe for a second. Listed below are three fast information for you science heads. The golden ratio is the exact level the place a black gap’s modified particular warmth modifications from constructive to unfavourable and it’s a part of the equation for the decrease certain on black gap entropy. The golden ratio even relates the loop quantum gravity parameter to black gap entropy. Why does this help the declare that the golden ratio is the elemental fixed of nature? As a result of a idea of every part should unite normal relativity with quantum mechanics and a black gap is the place these two theories converge at their limits. Okay, so bear with me by means of some actually bizarre math proper now and I will reward you with some wonderful footage of John Malkovich getting a pie within the face. There is a sort of arithmetic referred to as matrix arithmetic. No, not that sort of matrix. (upbeat music) Matrix math is the kind of math that quantum physics makes use of in its formulation. With out getting too technical, that is an instance of a matrix. A matrix is only a group of numbers which might be organized in columns in rows. And there is a certain quantity of mixtures for these numbers contained in the matrix, like if a matrix has 4 numbers inside it, there are 24 totally different potential mixtures for these 4 numbers. Quantum mechanics makes use of matrices which might be binary, in order that they solely include numerous mixtures of two numbers. Every of those mixtures of numbers has a price. It is referred to as an eigenvalue. Some eigenvalues are referred to as trivial. These are values like one, two, and 0. And a few are referred to as non-trivial, and people are all kinds of extra complex-looking numbers, so this is the fascinating half. The place’s that fascinating half? Oh sure, right here, the best chance non-trivial eigenvalues that present up in binary matrices are, prepared for this? The golden ratio and minus one over the golden ratio. So we now see a deep hyperlink between black holes and quantum mechanics as a result of the golden ratio seems deeply in each black gap physics and in quantum mechanics. Okay, good job bearing with me, so this is your reward. John Malkovich getting a pie within the face. – No, I will not, no no, However… I am not John Malkovich. – Pie! The golden ratio seems to startling accuracies in lots of different methods all through the universe in scales each giant and small. It’s so prevalent that its existence merely can’t be checked out as coincidental. Prior to now, the looks of this ratio has often been ignored by scientists as a result of they’d no solution to clarify it, so curiosity in it was thought-about the stuff of newbie scientists. However now, for the primary time, a rigorous quantum gravity idea is being developed which predicts the golden ratio’s existence actually in all places. So what would a idea of every part appear to be that solutions these seven clues we simply introduced? Data, causality loops, non-determinism, consciousness, pixelation, E8 crystal, and the golden ratio. (KLEE) So we predict actuality is a mosaic-like code or language on the smallest scale of actuality potential which is named the Planck size. Particle accelerator information tells us that each one particles and forces relate to 1 one other in line with a higher-dimensional crystal referred to as the E8 lattice. However actuality seems to be 3D, so we venture a slice of this E8 crystal right down to 3D, which produces a quasicrystal code or language and that enables these geometric symbols to construct up to the unusual world of particles and forces that we see round us. Now this geometric language has guidelines however it additionally has syntactical freedom like all language and that requires some notion of a chooser to decide on the free steps within the language. Now, the notion of randomness would not work so nicely in the case of codes as a result of that means begins to interrupt down. In addition to, there is not any first rate experimental proof for randomness in nature within the first place. A common collective consciousness is one reply, however that sounds new age and spiritual. These days, a superb variety of physicists focus on the concept our entire universe is definitely a code-based simulation in some fantastically highly effective quantum laptop in one other universe. Now, if true, then by the identical logic, that different universe, the place the pc working the simulation of our universe is would additionally supposedly be a simulation in one other universe, so the concept is just a little shaky however it’s being mentioned significantly by a number of credible folks. Nevertheless it seems {that a} common collective-like consciousness of some kind could also be bodily inevitable. Now we need not anthropomorphize this concept or make it non secular or religious. To comply with why, allow us to begin with the concept of the collective conduct of cells in your physique, every a single-sized microbe residing its life. A very long time in the past, solely this form of mobile life kind existed right here on earth. These little guys weren’t too sensible, however they did select what course to swim and will chase vitamins, reproduce, and run from harmful issues. They made decisions with their quite simple programs of environmental consciousness and want to outlive. Then they self-organized into colonies that have been smarter as a bunch and had extra environmental consciousness than the people. Finally, animals similar to people emerged. Refined types of consciousness and consciousness now float on an ocean of 37 trillion residing cells, self-organized as a human being. It’s particularly the legal guidelines of physics that brought about electrons and quarks to self-organize into 81 steady atoms and from there, into human consciousness, and physics locations no higher restrict on the quantity of vitality and matter that may self-organize into aware programs. – Physics permits the potential of all of the vitality within the universe to ultimately convert right into a single aware system that’s itself a community of different aware programs, an enormous, technologically-based collective consciousness. Given sufficient time, something that may occur will ultimately occur. By this axiom, this technique of common consciousness has already emerged someplace within the frames of space-time forward of us. As a result of it’s potential, it’s inevitable. Actually, in line with the proof of retro-causality time loops, that inevitable future is co-creating us proper now, simply as we’re co-creating it. When humanity discovers the idea of every part, it’s going to usher in a brand new age of prosperity. For instance, clear, low cost vitality main to the eventual elimination of poverty. As a nonprofit, Quantum Gravity Analysis depends on crowdfunding to help our scientific progress. Even a $5 donation is significant and strikes this mission ahead. To take part within the journey, go to QuantumGravityResearch.org and click on on Assist Our Work. And please unfold the phrase by sharing and posting this video and comply with the journey on Fb, Twitter, and Instagram. Go to QuantumGravityResearch.org to get extra info.

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